We have two ways to think about private property, or as Marxists call it, capital. We can think of it as an abstract, moralistic concept that arises out of divine right or social convention and should be obeyed as such. Or, we can think about capital as a complex historical and social phenomenon that has particular effects and which is merely one of many possible social configurations.
When we do this, we run into three broad arguments against capital….
A historical argument, an economic/political argument, and a social argument. A little bit of history in the Communism 101 subreddit.